oceans & coasts fresh water climate change wildlife & habitats earthwatch europe annual review
oceans & coasts fresh water climate change wildlife & habitats “during 2018 over 4,600 earthwatchers were engaged in our projects in a variety of ways, from measuring the health of our rivers and coastlines to taking part in film and photography competitions.”
“it has been a privilege to lead this fantastic organisation over the last few years and work alongside staff, partners and volunteers with such passion, expertise and commitment.” steve gray, chief executive we will be focusing on the key challenges where we can have most impact: reducing the pollution of our water bodies; enhancing the health of our coasts; decreasing negative agricultural impacts; and creating sustainable places to live and work. as we move into this exciting new era for earthwatch europe i will be handing the reins over to a new leader to propel the organisation towards future success. i will shortly be moving on to a new challenge as delivery director with the brecon beacons national park authority. it has been a privilege to lead this fantastic organisation over the last few years and work alongside staff, partners and volunteers with such passion, expertise and commitment. i look forward to seeing earthwatch europe’s growing impact in these challenging times for the natural world. welcome this annual review demonstrates how much earthwatch europe and our partners have achieved in 2018 - the last year of a three-year strategy which i have overseen as chief executive. over this time, we have significantly increased the number of people we have empowered to protect the natural world. during 2018 over 4,600 earthwatchers were engaged in our projects in a variety of ways, from measuring the health of our rivers and coastlines to taking part in film and photography competitions (pages 11, 22, and 23). our work on inspiring the next generation reached new heights, with hundreds of teachers and students participating in our educational programmes (page 8). we have also continued to encourage early career scientists and were delighted to receive generous support from neville shulman cbe to maintain the work for a further ten years (page 15). finally, we have sustained our long-term relationships with our corporate partners hsbc, shell and mitsubishi - engaging with them to further embed sustainability within their organisations (page 16). earthwatch europe is now embarking on a new five-year strategy, which will have the delivery of greater impact at its heart (pages 6-7). whilst we have a proud history of creating knowledge around environmental issues, the ongoing impacts of climate change, wildlife loss and degradation of our habitats require us to have a greater emphasis on inspiring the action necessary to tackle these complex challenges. during this new strategy, earthwatch will celebrate its 50th year of bringing people, science and nature together. the strategy will ensure that we continue to evolve this unique approach for the next 50 years. steve gray chief executive, earthwatch europe earthwatch europe annual review 2018 3
“herschel will be hugely missed across the international earthwatch network. he left a great legacy and laid foundations on which we continue to build today.” steve gray, chief executive herschel post mbe earthwatch europe founder & chair 1997-2010 herschel post mbe, one of the founders of earthwatch europe and chairman from 1997-2010, sadly passed away on 25 august. herschel and his wife peggy were instrumental in establishing earthwatch as a uk charity, working with a small group of like-minded colleagues with a passion for science, conservation and education to set up an office in oxford. we remain in oxford to this day, now with a team of more than 60 staff. everyone who met herschel remembers his warmth, humour and commitment to earthwatch’s mission. despite demanding senior roles in his professional life, herschel always made time to be an active and highly-involved chair and oversaw many important developments – not least the expansion of our work into africa, the middle east and india. brian rosborough, founder chair of earthwatch in the united states in 1971, remembers: “as a gentle force, herschel post helped make earthwatch a respected name in conservation science and to advance the education of successor generations of scientists and citizens whose discoveries make the world more understandable, more livable, and more sustainable.” tree tagging as part of investigations into how carbon uptake in an ancient woodland, wytham woods, is responding to variations in climate.
“working in partnership with an array of stakeholders, we have achieved much in the last 12 months as we seek to tackle complex environmental issues.” earlier this year. herschel and his wife peggy helped establish earthwatch europe in oxford. the new strategy will build on this success and we are well on course to achieving my aim of taking earthwatch europe to a new level of ambition, influence and impact in the coming years. lucian j. hudson chair, earthwatch europe building on success 2018 was a successful and busy year for earthwatch europe. working in partnership with an array of stakeholders, we have achieved much in the last 12 months as we seek to tackle complex environmental issues. the need to work collaboratively is central to our approach and we will continue to work with governments, policy makers, scientists, businesses and civil society. this will be achieved by using our unique blend of science and engagement – an approach grounded in evidence and delivered through engaging and immersive experiences. we will use this combination of hands-on experience and sound evidence to stimulate change at both an individual and organisational level, ultimately informing decision-making and influencing policy to benefit the environment. as we embark on a new five-year strategy, i would like to place on record my thanks and appreciation for our outgoing chief executive, steve gray. the new chief executive will have a strong legacy to build on and no doubt will continue to evolve our approach as we seek to maximise our impact on the environmental challenges we all face. on this note, i would also like to pay tribute to herschel post mbe, a founding member of earthwatch europe, who sadly passed away earthwatch europe annual review 2018 05
our strategy working together to live within our means and in balance with nature enhancing the health of our coasts creating thriving places to live and work reducing pollution in our water bodies educate we educate teachers and students to use the earth as their classroom empower we empower the public to change their behaviour research we research environmental challenges to ﬁnd solutions facilitate we facilitate environmental data sharing to support decision-making convene we convene the diverse groups needed to solve key environmental issues
enabling sustainable agricultural land management upskill we upskill environmental resource managers to increase the positive impact of their work pioneer we pioneer ‘citizen science‘, improving its reach and impact engage enable we engage leaders and motivate employees to embed sustainability in businesses we enable scientists to connect with communities earthwatch europe annual review 2018 07
oceans & coasts fresh water climate change wildlife & habitats “citizen science gives children the opportunity to enquire and investigate what may be happening around them.” danielle self teacher at idris davies 3-18 school
2,801 students 133 teachers 81 trainee teachers and informal educators participated in discover earth and teach earth during 2018 “it’s important for students to know about their locality, to spend time learning about nature hands-on, rather than looking at a screen or at it through a window.” danielle self, teacher at idris davies 3-18 school inspiring the next generation instilling an interest in the environment children are the citizens, scientists and business leaders of the future. instilling in our children a love of the outdoors will help lay the foundations for environmentally-sound behaviour in the decades to come. in 2008 ofsted identified that when planned and implemented well, learning outside the classroom contributes significantly to raising standards and improving pupils’ personal, social and emotional development. our education programme discover earth encourages outdoor learning and a passion for the natural world. we enable teachers to take learning outside easily and engage pupils in environmental science by making it accessible and fun. the education team has been out across the uk throughout 2018 to deliver discover earth ‘hub day’ teacher training and in-school ‘roadshows’. in spring the team hosted a hub day in south wales, bringing together teachers from the rhondda cynon taff area. danielle self, a teacher from idris davies 3-18 school, attended the hub day and followed this by hosting a roadshow at her own school. her goal was to get the students outdoors, muddy, learning about the environment and getting close to nature whilst working with their friends and having fun. danielle says: “children need to be outdoors in fresh air and sometimes this isn’t an option when they go home, so it’s important for us to provide opportunities for this in school. students appreciate the outdoors more when they have a greater understanding about it, which in turn will help us and them to look after the environment, becoming more active global citizens in the future. “citizen science as an activity in schools gives children the opportunity to enquire and investigate what may be happening around them. children get to work together in school on something real and hands-on, giving them first-hand experiences whilst learning about the world around them and collecting data.” earthwatch europe annual review 2018 09
teach earth: “practical, exploratory and fun!” despite evidence of the value of outdoor science education, there is a marked decline in the quantity of fieldwork that is provided within uk education. key drivers of this decline are lack of teacher confidence, perceived risk, cost and curriculum pressures. a 2016 natural england report found that only 8% of school-aged children (aged 6-15) in england visited the natural environment with their schools in an average month during 2013-2015. earthwatch has a long history of training teachers in outdoor environmental science, recognising the key role they play in shaping future generations. our teach earth programme aims to improve teacher confidence, skills and knowledge of outdoor learning. the programme provides structured and robust science activities which they can share with their students, providing a tangible link between science and nature. our programme is set within the framework of the un sustainable development goals, helping teachers and students see how they fit into the world around them and what they can do to protect it. in 2017 and 2018 we worked closely with ben sperring, director of teaching school, london east teacher training alliance (letta), to provide a bespoke teach earth training weekend for his cohort of trainee teachers. we asked ben what motivated him to bring his trainees to teach earth. “i’m very passionate about primary science and about getting it right. it should be practical, exploratory and fun. it should encourage children to ask questions and not just accept that something is the way it is simply because someone tells you it is. teach earth seems to share this ethos and it felt like a very good fit as it builds a trainee’s confidence to take learning outside the classroom and opens their eyes to the potential benefits to their students.” letta is based in poplar, east london, where many of the trainee teachers will go on to work as qualified teachers. “given that we’re in inner-city schools, some of the children we teach may have few opportunities to spend time outside enjoying nature. if we can provide more of these, we should.” teach earth is continuing for 2019, with another four weekends in oxfordshire and an additional location in scotland. we’re also looking forward to developing our relationship with letta, running another bespoke teach earth for 2019 as well as a programme of discover earth events in the east london area.
“i love woodland, i love jays and i love snow! this shot has three wonderful elements and nice composition.” gordon buchanan, wildlife ﬁlmmaker and presenter catch me if you cam connection to nature and an appreciation of wildlife begins with an awareness of its existence. catch me if you cam was a pilot project, delivered in collaboration with the high life highland countryside rangers and supported by earthwatch, that engaged children across the scottish highlands with their local biodiversity through the use of trail camera technology. each participating school was invited to submit their best wildlife images for a chance to win a trail camera (1st prize) or bird feeding station (2nd and 3rd prizes). the competition was judged by renowned wildlife filmmaker and presenter gordon buchanan, who said: “the catch me if you cam project is a truly wonderful way of encouraging young people to engage and interact with the outdoors and nature.” first prize was awarded to strontian primary school. head teacher, pamela hill, said: “the catch me if you cam project provided a fantastic opportunity to further engage and inspire the children at strontian primary in learning about local wildlife and habitats. it was a hands-on experience, which opened up a variety of cross- curricular learning opportunities and also enabled the children to link with other schools by seeing what wildlife had been captured on cameras throughout the highlands. we are thrilled to have had our picture chosen as the winner.” in the future, it is hoped that catch me if you cam will involve conservation groups and primary schools around the world, starting with india, allowing children the opportunity to share an appreciation for their local wildlife on a global scale. earthwatch europe annual review 2018 11
oceans & coasts fresh water climate change wildlife & habitats “thank you for the opportunity to become a freshwater watch volunteer. i only hope that we get a chance to use these skills again in the near future.” local participant karol swanson
enabling scientists water quality seen from space earthwatch is proud to be a key partner in monocle, an eu horizon 2020 project led by plymouth marine laboratory, which began in february 2018. it aims to develop new technology and methods to help monitor water quality in estuaries and lakes, which currently represent an area of great technological challenge for satellite sensors. the monocle sensor system aims to calibrate this earth observation data from satellites. within the monocle consortium, earthwatch is leading the research into the role local communities and volunteers can play in collecting data and how their knowledge of local environments can help evaluate the performance of new sensors. in august, the first monocle field campaign was held in loch leven, scotland. this was an exciting opportunity to test our citizen science platform, freshwater watch, alongside buoys, ships, drones and other hand-held devices. the campaign demonstrated the high potential for integrating both high and low technology in citizen science monitoring of water. further tests are planned in the coming years at lake balaton in hungary, lakes around stockholm in sweden, the danube delta in romania and lake tanganyika in tanzania. citizen science observatories earthwatch is part of another eu horizon 2020 project called ground truth 2.0, led by the ihe delft institute for water education. the project has created six citizen observatories to demonstrate the societal and economic benefits of including citizens in decision making and data collection. each is designed to encourage a three- way conversation between citizens, policy makers and scientists. the swedish citizen observatory, vattenfokus, studies water quality and has used freshwater watch to engage more than 100 volunteers from communities, research institutions and local authorities, to test the water quality in over 60 different water bodies. the next step for vattenfokus is to include a network of local schools in the water quality sampling. these projects have received funding from the european union’s horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no.s 776480 (monocle) and 689744 (ground truth 2.0). earthwatch europe annual review 2018 13
environmental science for all research can be exciting, innovative and of great value to society, but often there are barriers for people outside the science sphere to feel informed and included. participatory approaches, such as citizen science, aim to bridge this gap. recent developments in this field have brought a step- change in public involvement and co-production of mutually-beneficial research within reach, which will benefit science, the environment and society. during the past year earthwatch has been a key partner within the nerc-funded opening up science for all! project, which was led by the university of reading. we have been building tools for the uk environmental research community to enhance their understanding and ability to undertake more participatory public engagement, including through the creation of a national community of practice for public engagement with environmental research. in collaboration with university college london we produced a free online training course for anyone who wants to learn more about developing and running an environmental citizen science project. the training can be found at https://openupsci.wixsite.com/ citizensciencecourse catchment hydrology explorer helps water stewards in 2018, earthwatch has been developing web- based technology to improve global access to information at a river catchment level. this data will be used to improve decision making and address urgent water resource challenges. the use of online data for the better management of water resources has been the focus of much hydrological and conservation research. however, traditional models require extensive hydrological knowledge, or geographical information system (gis) expertise to interpret. in developing countries, this particularly presents a significant challenge in the application of good water stewardship. to address these issues we have developed catchx in partnership with the university of leeds. catchx is a new global, web-based catchment hydrological information platform, that allows scientists, water stewards and non-expert users to access and visualise information for local level water management and stewardship. designed to break down barriers, the platform will contribute to collective action towards united nations sustainable development goal 6: ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. catchx generated information in 57,672 catchments over 6 continents more than 12 million data points analysed
earthwatch shulman awards early career researchers in poorer regions of the world often lack the funding and opportunities to gain the skills and expertise required to launch an independent conservation research career. the earthwatch shulman awards are helping early career scientists in developing countries to conduct year-long research projects that provide vital training and experience. over the last ten years, these generous training grants provided by neville shulman cbe have enabled earthwatch to support 65 individuals, who have worked on conservation endeavours across the globe, from mangrove restoration projects in madagascar to human-wildlife conflict assessments in zimbabwe. the awards provide emerging scientists with valuable life-long skills in the areas of project management, leadership, research coordination, data interpretation and networking. the professional and personal development that award winners gain has lasting impact on their lives, and also on the lives of those within their local communities and research sites. scientific publications in the past year, the earthwatch science team has contributed to a number of international and national studies that resulted in ten peer-reviewed publications and two book chapters. most of these are collaborative publications with leading scientists from across the globe. several are part of a special edition of the scientific journal freshwater science that will come out in early 2019. this special edition is curated by us and dedicated to the benefits and challenges of using citizen science in the management of freshwater ecosystems. two important publications (pocock et al, 2018 and mazumdar et al, 2018) examined the future for citizen science in a global context. two other publications looked at the complementarity of citizen science in relation to monitoring conducted by government agencies. these studies highlight the potential to improve our management of the local and national environment through stewardship based on citizen science (dawson et al, 2018, hadj-hammou et al, 2017). for a full list of our publications, please see our website. exciting new projects for 2019 earthwatch was successful in two bids to eu horizon 2020. we will coordinate mics, a project to develop metrics and instruments to evaluate citizen science impacts on the environment and society. in addition, we will be a key partner in eu-citizen science, which will develop a platform to bring together all citizen science initiatives in europe. both projects start in january 2019 and will run for three years. these projects have received funding from the european union’s horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no.s 824580 (eu-c.s) and 824711 (mics). earthwatch europe annual review 2018 15
oceans & coasts fresh water climate change wildlife & habitats “the earth skills network gives shell employees the opportunity to sharpen professional competencies and broaden their understanding of how business decisions can impact on the environment.” rupert thomas vp environment, shell
engaging businesses shell earth skills network this year marks the 20th anniversary of our partnership with shell. in that time we have built an integrated model of employee engagement, environmental science and community-based conservation initiatives. we work together to build capacity and knowledge around key sustainability themes, whilst creating a positive impact on the environment and on communities. one of the ways in which we achieve this is the earth skills network (esn). esn partners shell professionals with managers of the world’s most precious natural areas to offer business and leadership training. a year-long mentoring relationship between shell employees and the managers supports new working practices and ways of thinking in protected areas, which translates into sustainable supply chains stevia is a widely used sugar substitute. used in japan for decades, it is becoming increasingly popular across the western world in its use as a natural low-calorie sweetener. our partner, tate & lyle, is keen to explore the sustainability of the stevia supply chain, and understand how socio- environmental benefits can be maximised. earthwatch is conducting robust and innovative research across multiple regions of china, the world-leading producer of stevia. we are engaging a wide variety of stakeholders in the stevia supply chain, including local scientists, this year marks the 20th anniversary of our partnership with shell. changes in management that can achieve impactful conservation outcomes. for example, liz day from blue ventures (madagascar) worked with her mentor to revise the organisational structure for a locally- managed marine area to allow them to be more efficient in programme delivery. this has since been rolled out across all their madagascan sites. in the past decade, esn has supported 166 managers representing 57 protected area organisations. in 2018, participants included the nigerian national parks service, cross river national park of nigeria, the city of cape town, karenga community wildlife area in uganda, awash national park of ethiopia and the national administration for conservation areas in mozambique. seedling producers, family-run planters and industrial farms. the research is quantifying key aspects of the production system, including impacts on soil, water, waste and energy use, as well as farmer perspectives. image credit: istock_casadaphotos earthwatch europe annual review 2018 17
coral reef conservation coral reefs cover just 0.2% of the world’s sea floor, but are home to a quarter of all marine species, and provide incomes and food sources for local communities. over the past 12 years we have undertaken essential research into the factors affecting coral decline, to design and inform strategies for resilience. to help design these strategies, earthwatch, mitsubishi corporation, essex university and the seychelles national park authority have been working in partnership to produce ‘super’ resilient corals and measure the dynamics of reef growth. the research has highlighted the previously unknown importance of coral growing in turbid environments, and demonstrated a clear relationship between coral cover and coastal development. this has resulted in more robust management plans for the seychelles national park, as well as having a global impact, with over 17 research publications. over the next three years of the partnership we will be: trialling and testing new conservation techniques; building and transplanting a nursery of ‘super’ resilient corals; and creating robust and effective methods to protect coral reefs for the future. measuring up on climate change we contributed research to measuring up, a report by the ukssd on the united nation’s sustainability development goals (sdgs) progress, presented to the uk government this year. our chapter on sdg 13: climate action highlighted that urgent action is needed to combat climate change and its impacts in the uk. for example, by 2050 heat-related deaths are due to rise in the uk by 250% and increased flooding could affect 3.3 million people. our research looked at how we can build resilience to climate change and the opportunities to collaborate for greater effectiveness.
hsbc sustainability programmes hsbc has made clear commitments to support the global transition to a low-carbon and sustainable economy. to make these commitments a reality, it is critical that employees are engaged and empowered to embed sustainable practices into their day-to-day work. as a global bank employing over 220,000 people, this is no simple task. working in partnership, earthwatch and hsbc created the sustainability training programme as an opportunity to engage employees globally with the hsbc sustainability strategy and increase understanding of environmental megatrends. coupled with our flagship sustainability leadership programme, which hsbc and earthwatch have run for over eight years, staff are being trained at all levels of the business to consider sustainability in their decision- making and embed a culture of sustainable growth. our global hsbc programmes utilise earthwatch’s unique model of classroom and outdoor learning based on scientific research, to create a fully immersive experience. participants have the opportunity to explore sustainability issues in depth and contribute to research as citizen scientists. hsbc staff are contributing to research on the role of nature-based solutions in mitigating the impacts of climate change and creating sustainable and more resilient cities. this two-year research programme aims to advance knowledge as well as influence policy in support of sustainable urban planning. since its launch at the end of 2017, over 950 employees across nine locations have completed the sustainability training programme and 97% of people reported that the programme was a professionally- worthwhile experience. in addition, 96 senior managers and banking clients have participated in the sustainability leadership programme this year. participants have contributed an amazing 60,000+ data points towards our sustainable cities research around the world. “our colleagues report that the programme has increased their understanding of how they can make hsbc more sustainable through their day-to-day business activities. this heightened awareness of the issues has supported hsbc in achieving active engagement in our goals for transitioning to a low carbon economy and reducing our own carbon footprint.” sue alexander, senior manager, global corporate sustainability, hsbc earthwatch europe annual review 2018 19
oceans & coasts fresh water climate change wildlife & habitats “volunteering with capturing our coast has given me the confidence, knowledge and context to participate in this valuable research and to appreciate just how diverse, extraordinary and fragile our marine life is.” gill cox, capturing our coast north east volunteer
empowering people introducing naturehood naturehood is our flagship public engagement project, connecting communities with the nature on their doorstep. we know that british wildlife needs our help: hedgehog numbers have decreased by a third since 2000, half of our 27 bumblebee species and over two thirds of butterflies are showing long-term decline. the solution is as much in our gardens and on our doorsteps as it is in our parks and nature reserves. to have meaningful impact we need to transform all those green spaces at scale. naturehood aims to do just that, by bringing people together to make a real difference. naturehood’s approach centres on empowering and connecting individuals with both nature and their wider community. through naturehood people will have a wide range of opportunities to get involved, and neighbours will be encouraged to work together, learn from each other, socialise and have fun. naturehood is led by earthwatch europe, with support from the national lottery heritage fund and in collaboration with wiltshire wildlife trust. the first phase of the project will involve the creation of four initial naturehoods - two in oxford and two in swindon - which will formally launch in spring 2019. this will be the first time we have worked so closely with the general public to improve their local environment, and will forge the way for future community projects. alongside its scientific outcomes, naturehood will teach us about how best to bring people, nature and science together to create real change that benefits us all. by joining in a variety of naturehood activities such as garden wildlife surveys, participants will help earthwatch scientists learn more about the wildlife in their area and how best to support it. i j m a d a m e t a f : t i d e r c e g a m i encompass community-focused public engagement is a powerful way to bring research closer to the community. the encompass (engaging communities, publics and society) project, led by university of birmingham, aimed to build on this concept by seeking to equip and enable communities to take ownership and drive change. the education team worked with the kohja shia ithna-asheri muslim community of birmingham to help their youth members explore their local wildlife, further understand their connection to the natural world and how to take action to protect it. earthwatch europe annual review 2018 21
‘how can we save the planet by 2030?’ was supported by the mitsubishi corporation fund for europe and africa. i a d y s a d i : t i d e r c e g a m i n e e r c s d l i w : t i d e r c e g a m i guffawing, debating and filming for nature our events appealed to different interests this year, prompting laughter and creativity. an ‘otterly hilarious’ stand-up comedy night in london used humour to raise awareness of environmental challenges and the plight of several fascinating species. our young earthwatcher film competition engaged young people in issues from climate change to pollution. the submissions were filmed on mobile phones or simple digital cameras, and were of an impressively high standard. the competition culminated in a film screening and awards ceremony at the wildscreen festival in bristol in october. charlotte from suffolk came out on top and received a prestigious panda award for her film ‘a load of rubbish’, about litter picking. our how can we save the planet by 2030? debate posed the question of which area we should focus on now, in order to halt the decline of our planet’s health. our speakers presented persuasive arguments to target action towards either freshwater, climate change, wildlife or oceans at a lively debate in may at the royal geographical society. the audience cast their vote, and the importance of all four action areas was highlighted by a relatively even divide in support.
#springintoaction competition winners of our twitter competition #springintoaction to spot wildlife and nature are capturing exciting shots with their trail camera prize. the competition challenged people to capture on camera wildlife and nature beginning with the letters of s-p-r-i-n-g. pupils at mission grove school won a trail camera thanks to their creative efforts during the campaign to inspire people to notice nature around them. deborah harding from mission grove school runs a camera enrichment workshop each week for the children. she said: “each week we give the children a new challenge so they can learn new skills or look at their everyday environment from a different angle. “they particularly enjoyed ‘s’ as that was the week we had snow, so going out and experiencing the stillness and silence was quite magical for them.” freshwater watch blitzes this october we held our seventh thames waterblitz, in partnership with wild oxfordshire. during a waterblitz members of the public take as many water samples as they can across a river catchment in a 24-hour period. over the last three years over 700 volunteers have taken part in these waterblitzes, collecting more than 2,400 water quality samples and making an impressive contribution to freshwater research. earthwatch europe annual review 2018 23
capturing our coast - the story so far the biggest marine intertidal citizen science project of its kind undertaken in the uk, capturing our coast invited people across the country to contribute to marine science. this heritage lottery funded project was led by newcastle university, with seven delivery hubs and national support from earthwatch. it started in october 2015 and came to an end in september 2018. capturing our coast offered a wide variety of activities, including face-to-face training with scientists as well as simple activities for which all information was available online. volunteers collected data on key species to help tackle research questions on geographic distribution, shifting ranges, invasive species and impacts of climate change and human activity. over the last three years, capturing our coast volunteers have spent thousands of hours scouring rocky shores and counting ‘funky fucoids’, ‘barnacle bonanzas’ and ‘absolutely crabulous crabs’, creating an immense dataset of valuable species distribution data. the additional experimental projects collected further data. for example, marine invaders saw 130 volunteers complete 2,000 surveys, finding 162 confirmed invasive species. all capturing our coast data will be freely available through the national biodiversity network, and is already being used for over 20 scientific research papers. the data and knowledge generated by this project are essential to understand how we can best protect our coastal biodiversity. in return for their valuable time, capturing our coast volunteers enjoyed getting outside and learning about our coast and its wonderful biodiversity. involvement increased their sense of marine stewardship, through greater awareness, understanding and appreciation of coast lines. in some cases this has led to a realisation of personal responsibility to protect our marine environment, and empowered people to act. we are currently exploring opportunities for future funding to build on the success of capturing our coast. over 5,500 people registered to take part in capturing our coast capturing our coast media and publicity activities reached a potential audience of around 4.7 million people
the average person in the uk will use 150 plastic water bottles each year only 57% of plastic bottles are recycled the most impactful thing you can do to stop plastic pollution in our freshwater environments is to use a reusable water bottle plastic bottles and lids were the most commonly found plastic item in freshwater environments in europe i k s v e d g a m / k c o t s i : t i d e r c e g a m i tackling plastic pollution together plastic pollution has become the environmental issue for many people in the last 12 months – so much so that collins dictionary named ‘single-use’ its word of 2018. the complexity, scale and urgency of the challenge now facing society means it is something we must all tackle together. the earthwatch plastics programme launched this year, aiming to provide a detailed picture of where plastic pollution originates and how it ends up in our environment. it offers practical, evidence-based steps to tackle plastic pollution, and reaches out to businesses, consumers, scientists and policy makers to solve the problem collaboratively. our forthcoming report ‘plastic rivers’ identifies the main plastic items found and the most impactful actions we can all take to stop the flow of plastic into our freshwater environments and ultimately into the sea. 2019 will also see the launch of our microplastics report and further innovative initiatives to help tackle plastic pollution effectively and collaboratively. earthwatch europe annual review 2018 25
oceans & coasts fresh water climate change wildlife & habitats every year earthwatch fundraisers run hundreds of miles, cycle the country, and come up with inventive ways to raise money. kayaking the continent - anna and kate
fundraisers raised more than £10,500 this year our amazing supporters every year earthwatch fundraisers run hundreds of miles, cycle the country, and come up with inventive ways to raise money. in 2018 oxford high school prefects decided to make their annual green fair event into a week-long celebration of sustainability, raising money to support our work. lizzie westley, the 2017-18 green prefect, led the week and was inspired to get her local community involved in a global issue: “climate change really interests me. i wanted to demonstrate to people from the university and schools about what can we do locally to impact a charity who can take it global. it meant a lot to me to do it on a bigger scale.” lizzie and her team of five prefects, with the support of the school’s assistant head co- curriculum, claire nebesnuick, started work to raise awareness about climate change. amidst revision for a-level exams, they organised a week of environmental activities and fundraising - a green week - involving students, parents, the catering team and teachers in interactive assemblies, events, pop-up stalls and fundraising. the team helped raise hundreds of pounds and then doubled it by inspiring the teachers to take part too. green week they involved the younger students with an assembly about the environment. sarah staunton- lamb from earthwatch’s engagement and science team talked to the whole school, explaining how we empower people to take action on environmental issues like climate change. even the catering team at the school got involved. “the head of catering was really keen,” said lizzie. “he made adjustments to the school menu and ensured it was locally-sourced and organic, and publicised it in the dinner hall.” on the final day they raised donations from their non-uniform day and held a bake sale at the green fair where students and parents got to meet local sustainability organisations. the teachers were so inspired by the work that the green week team had done that they held a clothes swap to raise money and reduce their textile waste. clothes that didn’t make the cut were donated to charity shops for other causes too. a ﬁnal word from lizzie “i’m really glad i did it. it was a pleasure to see the impact, the cash, and people involved at the end.” earthwatch europe annual review 2018 27
oceans & coasts fresh water climate change wildlife & habitats during 2018 2,801 students, 133 teachers and 81 trainee teachers and informal educators, participated in discover earth and teach earth. more than treble the number of followers on social media this year
our impact 4,673 participants have attended activities or events related to our projects and programmes* 92.6% of participants who gave us feedback felt highly confident that they could take action to be more environmentally sustainable after their earthwatch experience 97.6% of participants who gave us feedback were likely or very likely to recommend earthwatch 10,532 hours of citizen science undertaken (estimated) published 10 scientific papers* and 2 book chapters* our stories featured in the media reached an 8.6 million potential audience* 2.1 million impressions on social media channels in 2018* 1,078 individuals trained in citizen science we supported 10 researchers with grants* all figures relate to financial year september 2017 - october 2018 except those starred *figures relate to january - december 2018 earthwatch europe annual review 2018 29
making every contribution count we are grateful for the support of our partners, donors and individuals who make our vital work possible. with the help of our supporters we are empowering people to save our natural world by engaging them with the critical environmental issues we face. in 2018 we continued to expand our programmes with the public, teachers and scientists and increased the scale of our work directed at inspiring the next generation. we engaged employees and corporate partners in a range of environmental projects, contributing to scientific research and developing enhanced skills. we marked 20 years’ partnership with shell this year and the hsbc sustainability training programme for global employees launched in eight countries. trust fundraising successes included a national lottery heritage fund grant for naturehood, with colleagues in the wiltshire wildlife trust. designed to help tackle the decline of urban wildlife in our towns and cities, naturehood launches in the spring 2019. in early 2019 we also launch our new five-year strategy to focus our efforts where our expertise can be most effective (see p6). over the next five years we will engage, educate and inspire people on four environmental challenges where we can have the most impact to help us live within our means and in balance with nature. our support came from many quarters this year including: • donors who generously give funds • corporate partners with whom we work to develop sustainable business practices and leadership • partner institutions with whom we work to deliver engaging programmes and projects • trusts and foundations who support our programmes • individuals who generously give their time, free of charge, as speakers at our events and in other capacities • trustees who generously give their time to serve on our board • volunteers who freely give their time and expertise in various ways such as helping at events and in our office • interns who contribute to our projects • research scientists whose expertise is highly valued • fundraisers who raise funds through a variety of activities on our behalf. how our income was spent for year end 30 september 2018 ■ engaging businesses ■ empowering people ■ enabling scientists ■ inspiring the next generation ■ development & fundraising costs ■ administrative, governance and office costs £750,000 £419,000 £160,000 £437,000 £921,000 £3,079,000
our thanks corporate partners hsbc holdings plc mitsubishi corporation pwc royal dutch shell plc tate & lyle plc thames water trusts and foundations, governmental and research grants the ernest cook trust european commission - horizon 2020 heritage lottery fund kilpatrick fraser charitable trust mitsubishi corporation fund for europe and africa nerc the oakdale trust reed educational trust robert and margaret moss charitable trust states of jersey the waterloo foundation partner institutions the birmingham institute of forest research (bifor) high life highland countryside rangers ihe delft and all other ground truth 2.0 partners imperial college london nanjing agricultural university the natural history museum newcastle university and all other capturing our coast partners plymouth marine laboratory and all other monocle partners rivers trusts and all other organisations participating in freshwater watch scripps institution of oceanography scs global services seychelles national park authority university college london university of birmingham and all other encompass partners university of leeds and all other catchx partners university of oxford university of reading and all other opener partners wiltshire wildlife trust expedition research scientists dr bernat claramunt lopez dr j. clifton dr eslam osman dr p.p. dhyani dr leeann fishback dr russell hill dr abraham miller-rushing professor d. smith science & policy advisors dr mike moorcroft dr anett richter camilla morrison-bell brendan costello dr andrew salisbury dr helen bostock dr daniel hayhow professor rené van der wal professor dawn scott professor william sutherland dr claire wordley professor kevin gaston dr michael pocock professor philip james supporters neville shulman cbe nigel and shane winser a gift to remember dr kate barlow edward hoare michael parkes peter harney the late mrs eileen j. drury the late hannes hatje oxford high school (fundraisers) virginia wernham bourke (london marathon fundraiser) robert lagden (london marathon fundraiser) megan rothery (reading half fundraiser) natasha muldoon (thames trek fundraiser) all our young earthwatcher film competition entrants kayaking the continent (kate culverwell and anna blackwell) rowzambezi team trustees mark collins (retired november 2018) iain coucher (and fundraiser) dorothee d’herde (and science & policy advisor) nick dobson (retired june 2018) ed green lucian j. hudson - chair lisa king superna khosla - treasurer geoff lane - vice-chair dax lovegrove dr jack matthews (and science & policy advisor) judith mosely adam powell speakers ben pope duncan wisbey helen duff lizzie daly matt highton natalie fee naomi wilkinson rachel wheeley simon king obe simon watt sam barcroft tony juniper cbe wendy darke volunteers paul baker tony strong lynda thompson and 4,673 earthwatchers who have contributed to our projects, research and events earthwatch europe annual review 2018 31
earthwatch europe mayﬁeld house, 256 banbury road oxford, ox2 7de, united kingdom www.earthwatch.org.uk @earthwatch_eur www.facebook.com/earthwatcheurope earthwatcheurope registered charity no. 1094467